[PDF] Download ☆ Servitude and Grandeur of Arms | by ☆ Alfred de Vigny Roger Gard
Servitude and Grandeur of Arms consists of reflections, arguments and autobiographical anecdotes surrounding three longer narratives These include an episode on the high seas with Admiral Collingwood, a glimpse into Marie Antoinette s court, scenes from the campaign of 1814 against the Russians and the Paris revolution of 1830, and an overheard conversation between NapoleServitude and Grandeur of Arms consists of reflections, arguments and autobiographical anecdotes surrounding three longer narratives These include an episode on the high seas with Admiral Collingwood, a glimpse into Marie Antoinette s court, scenes from the campaign of 1814 against the Russians and the Paris revolution of 1830, and an overheard conversation between Napoleon and the Pope part of what is probably the most telling and dramatic portrait of the emperor in literature Yet these are essentially the stories of gruff and grizzled veterans, bound by a stern code of duty and honour, who reveal unexpected depths of humanity De Vigny vividly conveys the savagery of war, the dreariness, deprivation and discipline of military service, but also its comradeship, stoicism and fundamental uprightness The result is a strange and subtle masterpiece.
Alfred de Vigny Roger Gard
Alfred Victor de Vigny was born in Loches a town to which he never returned into an aristocratic family His father was an aged veteran of the Seven Years War who died before Vigny s 20th birthday his mother, twenty years younger, was a strong willed woman who was inspired by Rousseau and took responsibility herself for Vigny s early education.As was the case for every noble family, the French Revolution diminished the family s circumstances considerably After Napol on s defeat at Waterloo, a Bourbon, Louis XVIII, the brother of Louis XVI, was restored to power In 1814, Vigny enrolled in one of the privileged aristocratic companies of the Maison du Roi.Always attracted to letters and versed in French history and in knowledge of the Bible, he began to write poetry He published his first poem in 1820, published an ambitious narrative poem entitled Eloa in 1824 on the popular romantic theme of the redemption of Satan, and collected his recent works in January 1826 in Po mes antiques et modernes Three months later, he published a substantial historical novel, Cinq Mars with the success of these two volumes, Vigny seemed to be the rising star of the burgeoning Romantic movement, though this role would soon be usurped by one of Vigny s best friends, Victor Hugo Prolonging successive leaves from the army, he settled in Paris with his young English bride, Lydia Bunbury, whom he married in Pau in 1825.An English theater troupe visiting Paris in 1827 having revived French interest in Shakespeare, Vigny worked with Emile Deschamps on a translation of Romeo and Juliet 1827 Increasingly attracted to liberalism, he was relieved than anguished at the overthrow of Charles X in the July Revolution of 1830 In 1831, he presented his first original play, La Mar chale d Ancre, a historical drama recounting the events leading up to the reign of King Louis XIII Frequenting the theater, he met the great actress Marie Dorval, his mistress until 1838 Vigny s wife had become a near invalid and never learned to speak French fluently they had no children, and Vigny was also disappointed when his father in law s remarriage deprived the couple of an anticipated inheritance In 1835, he produced a drama titled Chatterton, based on the life of Thomas Chatterton, and in which Marie Dorval starred as Kitty Bell Chatterton is considered to be one of the best of the French romantic dramas and is still performed regularly The story of Chatterton had inspired one of the three episodes of Vigny s luminous philosophical novel Stello 1832 , in which Vigny examines the relation of poetry to society and concludes that the poet, doomed to be regarded with suspicion in every social order, must remain somewhat aloof and apart from the social order Servitude et grandeur militaires 1835 was a similar tripartite meditation on the condition of the soldier.Although Alfred de Vigny gained success as a writer, his personal life was not happy His marriage was a disappointment his relationship with Marie Dorval was plagued by jealousy and his literary talent was eclipsed by the achievements of others He grew embittered After the death of his mother in 1838 he inherited the property of Maine Giraud, near Angoul me, where it was said that he had withdrawn to his ivory tower an expression Sainte Beuve coined with reference to Vigny There Vigny wrote some of his most famous poems, including La Mort du loup and La Maison du berger Proust regarded La Maison du berger as the greatest French poem of the 19th century In 1845, after several unsuccessful attempts to be elected, Vigny became a member of the Acad mie fran aise.In later years, Vigny ceased to publish He continued to write, however, and his Journal is considered by modern scholars to be a great work in its own right Vigny considered himself a thinker as well as a literary author he was, for example, one of the first French writers to take a serious intere
[PDF] Download ☆ Servitude and Grandeur of Arms | by ☆ Alfred de Vigny Roger Gard 477 Alfred de Vigny Roger Gard
Title: [PDF] Download ☆ Servitude and Grandeur of Arms | by ☆ Alfred de Vigny Roger Gard